logo #WorldHydrogen2022 8–10 March 2022

Hydrogen Europe – Different Energy Carriers Require Separate Systems of Guarantees of Origin

Published July 2021 by Hydrogen Europe

Key Recommendations

1. Create a distinct hydrogen GO, separate from electricity and gas.

2. Encourage the use of GOs in addition to PPAs to prove the renewable character and CO2 intensity of the electricity procured for the production of renewable hydrogen.

3. Initiate the development of a global system for Hydrogen Guarantees of Origin (HGOs), with track-and-trace and auditing functionality.

4. Set clear ground rules that avoid false or misleading claims. Enable the cancellation of H2 GOs, and the issuance of a natural gas GO when physical volumes are blended.

Hydrogen has seen unprecedented momentum and is fast becoming a systemic element in the EU’s transition towards a climate-neutral society in 2050. It will become the other leg of the energy transition – alongside renewable electricity – by replacing unabated fossil fuels and ensuring greater systemic synergies. Clean hydrogen[1] is not the backdoor to the continued use of unabated fossil fuels, nor is it the trojan horse of the natural gas industry greenwashing its way towards competitive markets.

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Hydrogen Europe – A workable approach to additionality, geographic & temporal correlation is key to the achievement of the EU Hydrogen Strategy

Published June 2021 by Hydrogen Europe

Key recommendations:

Hydrogen Europe supports the EU’s objective to achieve climate neutrality. We advocate for hydrogen as an enabler of a carbon neutral society. The production of renewable hydrogen contributes to decouple the deployment of renewable energy from grid bottlenecks unlocking the full potential of renewable energy to replace fossil energy carriers in all sectors of our economy. Furthermore, hydrogen enables the integration of ever-growing amounts of renewable energy into “hard to abate” sectors such as steel, chemicals, and transport, including refineries, maritime and aviation.

From the outset, it is important to state that we strongly believe that the revised Renewable Energy Directive (RED) should be more ambitious in contributing to climate targets and accelerating the transition to a more integrated system with hydrogen being a key part of this effort. The existing renewable energy target for 2030 should be revised upwards in line with the new ambition of the 2030 target plan to facilitate faster decarbonisation and the growth of renewable energy. An increase in this target is also an important driver for much needed additional renewable electricity into the system.

Hydrogen Europe does not challenge the direct use of renewable electricity where most efficient. Hydrogen Europe considers that all new electricity demand should be met with new renewable generation. This remains valid for electrolysers and the subsequent electricity demand these generate. Hydrogen production helps accommodate growing shares of renewables, unleashing their potential and enabling the decarbonisation of those sectors where direct electrification is not an option.

We fully recognise the importance and support the principle of additionality, namely the idea that additional renewable electricity consumption must always be covered by additional renewable capacity. Hydrogen Europe has expressed concerns regarding the practical implementation of additionality principle criteria not the principle itself. Furthermore, given the lack of clarity, we raise concern over the possible extension of these criteria to other sectors (beyond the scope of the RED), the subsequent impact on the deployment of renewable hydrogen, meeting the targets set by the EU Hydrogen strategy and ultimately the long-term EU climate objectives.

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Hydrogen Europe – How Hydrogen Can Help Decarbonise the Maritime Sector

Published June 2021 by Hydrogen Europe

Hydrogen Europe is the organisation representing the interests of the European hydrogen industry. It fully adheres to the European Union’s target of climate neutrality by 2050 and supports the European Commission’s objectives to develop and integrate more renewable energy sources into the European energy mix.

In December 2015 in Paris, a global climate agreement was reached at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP 21). The Paris Agreement is seen as a historic and landmark instrument in climate action. However, the agreement is lacking emphasis on international maritime transport and the role that this sector will need to play in contributing to the decarbonisation of the global economy and in striving for a clean planet for all.

Hydrogen, hydrogen-based fuels (such as ammonia) and hydrogen technologies offer tremendous potential for the maritime sector and, if properly harnessed, can significantly contribute to the decarbonisation and also mitigate the air pollution of the worldwide fleet. Hydrogen Europe will be the catalyst in this process the decarbonisation and also mitigate the air pollution of the worldwide fleet. Hydrogen Europe will be the catalyst in this process.

The pathway towards hydrogen and hydrogen-based fuels for the maritime sector does not come without technological and commercial challenges let alone regulatory barriers.

This paper aims at showcasing the importance of an ambitious maritime EU-policy to address those challenges and it contains policy requests on EU initiatives such as the necessity to include the maritime sector in the European Emission Trading System as well as setting targets on the demand of hydrogen and hydrogen-based fuels and explain why even that is not enough. The current state of International Maritime Organisation (IMO) discussions on the decarbonisation strategy are progressing slowly but there is no time.

Why should the EU take the lead? The IMO discussions on the decarbonisation strategy are progressing but this must be accelerated in order to meet the European Green Deal objectives of carbon neutrality by 2050. Measures to improve the energy-efficiency of the ship by 2030 will not be sufficient, we must act now. If the EU aims to reduce emissions overall by 55% in 2030 compared to 1990, a shift from fossil fuels to zero-carbon fuels for shipping will be required. As the lifetime of ships is high, the introduction of zero-emission vessels must start now.

In its communication on a sustainable and smart mobility strategy (SSMS), the European Commission has acknowledged the importance of taking the lead in decarbonising the maritime sector very clearly, laying down the priorities in the transport sector for the next ten years. This includes a target of zero emission marine vessels market-ready by 2030, boosting the use of renewable fuels in the maritime sector as well as an emphasis on the creation of zero-emission ports.

In the face of inevitable climate change, Martin Stopford and eminent maritime economist describes the coming decade as “the 4th industrial revolution at sea”. It is in the EU’s best interests to manage this revolution effectively over the decades to come.

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Hydrogen Europe – Position Paper on the Fit for 55 Package

Published June 2021 by Hydrogen Europe

Hydrogen has seen unprecedented development in the year 2020. From innovative niche technology, it is fast becoming a systemic element in the European Union’s (EU) efforts to transition to a climate-neutral society in 2050. It will become a crucial energy vector and the other leg of the energy transition – alongside renewable electricity – by replacing coal, oil, and gas across different segments of the economy. The rapid development of hydrogen is important for meeting the EU’s climate objectives and preserving and enhancing the EU’s industrial and economic competitiveness, securing jobs and value creation in this high-tech sector.

Europe is currently leading in hydrogen technology, and European companies and knowledge institutions can be instrumental in advancing technological developments and industrial scale-up. It is imperative that Europe maintains this leadership position and seizes the current momentum for hydrogen technologies. The EU is well placed to become the birthplace of a global hydrogen economy denominated in Euro currency.

It is time that hydrogen moves from an afterthought to a central pillar of the energy system. The “Fit for 55 Package” presents a unique opportunity to begin putting into place a concrete and fit for purpose framework for the development of a clean hydrogen economy. In this paper, you will find Hydrogen Europe’s recommendations on how hydrogen can:

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Hydrogen Europe, ENTSOG, GIE – How to Transport & Store Hydrogen – Facts & Figures

Published in May 2021

ENTSOG, GIE and Hydrogen Europe have joined forces on a paper that answers a number of fundamental questions about gaseous and liquid hydrogen transport and storage. This paper provides an objective and informative analysis on key concepts, terminology and facts and figures from different public sources.

1» WHAT ARE THE PATHWAYS THAT ALLOW FOR THE INTEGRATION OF HYDROGEN IN THE EXISTING GAS INFRASTRUCTURE AND MARKET?

There are three pathways for the integration of hydrogen into the gas system: the injection of hydrogen and its blending with natural gas in the existing gas infrastructure, the development of a dedicated hydrogen network through conversion of the existing gas infrastructure or via the construction of new hydrogen infrastructure and finally via methanation, consisting in capturing CO2, combined with hydrogen in order to produce e-methane, injected in the gas network. Those models are complementary and depend on the production technology, the concerned zone or even the temporality of the projects. Today the gas infrastructure can accommodate any form of low carbon hydrogen, independently from the technology used for its production, such as electrolysis, gasification of biomass, steam methane reforming combined with capture of CO2 or steam methane reforming of biomethane, electrolysis of molten salt.

2» WHAT IS HYDROGEN BLENDING?

Hydrogen blending is the injection in the existing gas infrastructure of a share of hydrogen into the overall volume of gaseous energy carriers. With exceptions related to injected shares and areas of application, the respective hydrogen blending levels may not substantially affect the capacity of the gas infrastructure [1].

3» WHAT IS HYDROGEN DEBLENDING?

Hydrogen deblending is the reverse process of hydrogen blending and allows to extract pure hydrogen for dedicated uses (e.g. hydrogen fuel cells, feedstock) as well as reasonably hydrogen-free natural gas. For hydrogen deblending, different designs of membrane plants and combinations with other technologies are used (e. g. polymer membrane, carbon membrane, metal membranes, glass/ceramic membranes, membrane-PSA) to separate hydrogen from gaseous energy carriers. There are several important factors to be considered when choosing the most suitable technology, such as permeability, selectivity, stability of the membrane material, effects of discontinuous operation on the operation, design of the membrane plant, effects of different hydrogen concentration on the separation process. Hydrogen separation effectiveness depends on the hydrogen concentration in methane. It is also important to ensure proper management of the separated hydrogen. However, the technology is currently under development and additional R&D analysis is needed.

4» HOW MUCH HYDROGEN CAN BE BLENDED INTO THE EXISTING GAS PIPELINES?

The maximum allowable hydrogen concentration depends mainly on pressure fluctuations, structure and existing defects. However, widespread knowledge to date indicates that, for some grid sections, certain blending percentages (e.g. 2%–10% in volumetric terms) are technically feasible with few adaptations in some Member States. Although additional tests are needed some operators consider 20% the upper bound due in particular to the requirements for downstream users to be adapted beyond this point2 (Figure 1). As regards to technical regulation, blending of hydrogen is explicitly recognized by a few Member States.

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Hydrogen Europe – Run On Water the Hydrogen Way by Paul Jenné & Mark Pecqueur

Published April 2021 by Hydrogen Europe 

Written by Paul Jenné & Mark Pecqueur.

Preface by Jorgo Chatzimarkakis – Secretary-General Hydrogen Europe

Preface by Bart Biebuyck, Executive-Director of the FCH JU (Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking)

 

Introduction

The idea of writing a book on hydrogen and fuel cells did not cross my mind when, in 2004, these very words caught my professional attention for the first time in the business I have been employed in my entire life.

Now, more than 15 years later, I feel the urge to share a piece of history and tell my story, from idea to vision and from vision to reality, enough to firmly believe that we can collectively change the world, at least a little bit.

This notion of making the world a better place was new to me. I never expected or experienced greater motivation when it came to pursuing sales and business objectives beyond and alongside the call of duty. Now that I have reached a sacred old age, I understand what we want our children and grandchildren to enjoy and share. And suddenly, the opportunity arises, giving me the chance to do something with the authority I received at the end of a long career.

I am acting from my own experience as a market development manager in a Flemish family business with an international scope, Van Hool in Lier. The family bond and the international scope have encouraged me to start and maintain my professional life, leaving no doubt that this long period has impacted my world view. Fortunately, there is nothing wrong with that.

The family context has offered the company the opportunity to maintain its fundamental values. It has allowed us to develop a business vision in line with those values, without necessarily being guided by market analysis, strict business plans or shareholder return policies. The decisions taken were the outcome of a growing awareness that the way forward was the right one, given the challenges of today and the world in which we want future generations to live. This attitude has always been part of the founder’s motive (‘The Way is Ahead’), fuelled by values such as the need for continuous innovation and progress (stagnation is losing ground), the firm belief in our combined abilities and a fair degree of Flemish stubbornness and pride.

We cannot continue to pollute the air and exhaust the land as we have done in recent decades. We can do something about it – right here, right now – on our own territory, in the spirit of the saying, ‘let everyone sweep in front of their own door, and the whole world will be clean’.

Such drivers have proven powerful enough to lead to action, but not without acknowledging that the word ‘new’ has a limited expiration date if it is designed to meet rapidly changing market conditions within an internationally competitive framework. Whether the products relate to all low-floor buses, modern trolleybuses, hybrids or even hydrogen buses, all developments were primarily instigated by the belief that it had to be done.

Even if part of the company’s culture was and always has been to initiate and sustain change, the driving force was a common, undocumented but genuine understanding that we were moulding the future, and in doing so, serving the company as well as its employees. It is safe to say that the implementation of ever-higher levels of technology was built on the company’s financial strength, and largely in a step-by-step process, with both feet firmly on the ground. You must put your money where your mouth is.

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NEWS – Countries must balance H2 supply and demand—WHS

Original article published on Hydrogen Economist, 10 March 2021

Encouraging development at both ends of the value chain will ensure the long-term sustainability of the industry, firms say

Governments at federal and state levels must put in place policies to encourage both the supply and demand of green hydrogen simultaneously if a properly functioning market is to develop, according to industry experts speaking at the World Hydrogen Summit yesterday. Regulators can provide a stable investment environment to ensure production projects go ahead  while also putting in place time-limited subsidies to encourage demand, according to Oliver Bishop, general manager for hydrogen at Shell. “We need to make sure we synchronise the demand piece with the supply—that helps all of us get down the cost curve,” he said. “We need to make sure we synchronise demand with supply—that….

Read full article here: http://pemedianetwork.com/hydrogen-economist/articles/strategies-trends/2021/countries-must-balance-hsub2sub-supply-and-demand-whs

Written by: Tom Young

NEWS – From “Why” to “How”: Hydrogen Industry Roadmap to be Defined by Global Governments & Energy Leaders at 2nd World Hydrogen Summit

Original article published on  | February 24, 2021

URL: https://www.ecovoice.com.au/from-why-to-how-hydrogen-industry-roadmap-to-be-defined-by-global-governments-energy-leaders-at-2nd-world-hydrogen-summit/

 

Recent “Green Recovery” announcements, National Energy strategies and the prospect of a European Green Deal have all brought Hydrogen back into focus as a key enabler in the race for carbon neutrality. Green hydrogen in particular exceeded expectations in 2020 despite the pandemic, with new records achieved in electrolysis capacity, fuel cell electric vehicle market expansion and several large-scale gigafactories announced. But more efforts are needed to scale up and expand hydrogen use, ensure its low-carbon potential is fully harnessed to deliver on set climate targets and reach NetZero carbon by 2050.

Global government representatives and energy leaders have confirmed their participation at the 2nd World Hydrogen Summit taking place virtually on 9-11 March, with the aim to accelerate efforts and define the hydrogen industry roadmap for the year ahead. The summit programme shifts the conversations from “why” to “how” reflecting the need to maximise the current momentum to accelerate knowledge transfer and increase international hydrogen deployment.

The Summit is produced by the Sustainable Energy Council, in partnership with the City of Rotterdam and the Port of Rotterdam Authority and is sponsored by a an array of organisations leading current hydrogen projects world-wide who will be present through representatives that will speak, connect and build cross-sector partnerships enabling hydrogen projects to become a reality; including: Smartenergy, Shell, Wärtsilä, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Group, Alcazar, Shearman & Sterling, McPhy, Star Scientific, Linklaters, Atlas Copco, Advent, DTEK, Queensland Government Australia, Cummins Inc.

Confirmed Speakers Include:

For more information and to view the full speaker list and programme, please visit https://www.world-hydrogen-summit.com/

Interview – Mr. Marc van der Linden, CEO, Stedin Groep speaking at World Hydrogen Summit 2020

Interview – Mr. Didier Stevens, Senior Manager – European & Government Affairs, Toyota Motor Europe speaking at World Hydrogen Summit 2020

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